Well, the bone structure is one of the most important supports of the human body, where the teeth are located and everything that encompasses the oral cavity. When there is an alteration in this area that can affect the masticatory apparatus, such as a deformity or modification, it is medically known as “malocclusion“. For a dentist, it is essential to analyze this type of tool since it will be a necessary key in the diagnosis of the treatment because by explaining the bite a series of possible problems that the patient may present due to this condition can be elaborated.
The dental structure must have an ideal fit, where the upper teeth must fit with the lower ones, this to protect the tissues and so that they are aesthetically aligned, straight and maintain the desired proportion. Although this is ideal, a large percentage of the population has some type of malocclusion, where the number of this percentage is divided into those malocclusions are severe and with a more specific treatment and later.
These problems can be caused, mainly, by inheritance issues where the dental pattern is repeated in individual members of the family. Other factors that can be produced are the habits acquired from babies; the most common is the constant sucking of the finger that, for a long time, significantly affects the structure of the dental cavity. Similarly, missing teeth can damage the aesthetics and function of the teeth and the entire appliance.
Types of Bites
Overbite- Characterized by the fact that the upper teeth are positioned far in front of the lower teeth, sometimes covering the lower teeth. People with this type of structure tend to have more problems with cavities as there is much more tartar accumulation due to the wrong position of the teeth. Regularly, individuals may have periodontal problems and small traumas inside the oral cavity, mainly in the tissue.
This type of bite is more associated with genetic factors, followed by childhood habits.
The patients who have this dental problem have aesthetic inconveniences and can affect the form of speech. Their treatment is 100% through orthodontics or surgery.
Open bite- An alteration in which it is impossible to close the upper part, i.e., there is no contact between the posterior teeth and the lower anterior teeth. Although visually, the patient may have noticeable problems, it affects more functionality, harming the patient in not being able to perform basic tasks such as chewing or speaking fluently directly.
Open bite is associated with:
- Childhood problems (biting objects or thumb sucking).
- Incorrect tongue postures where teeth are pushed when speaking.
- Genetic causes.
Like the subbite, this condition can be solved with orthodontics or with some surgery accompanied by other treatment.
Dental crowding- This problem is known to all those dental alterations in which a stacking of teeth is observed due to the lack of space in the oral cavity. The people who present a wrong dental placement is mainly due to hereditary issues because the bone is too small, this causes that there is not enough space, generating the birth of teeth outside the dental line.
In addition to aesthetic problems, patients who present this type of bite tend to have a higher risk of periodontal diseases because cleaning is more complicated and, therefore, there is a more significant accumulation of tartar.
This condition can be solved with orthodontic treatment.
Knowing the type of bite will allow a specific treatment to be carried out to solve aesthetic problems and those that damage the function of the teeth. The rosarito dentist, after analyzing the oral cavity, will begin with a specific treatment that will help the improvement of the teeth.