The dental structure is composed of 32 permanent dental pieces which are distributed throughout the oral cavity according to their function, to give the person the ability to chew and destroy the food consumed for obtaining nutrients. Each of the teeth has a specific job so one more tooth could alter its functionality and the distribution of these.
The appearance of one or more teeth that are not part of the 32, can occur anywhere; there is no ideal space, can be unilateral or bilateral, impacted, or retained. There is not a cause that denotes this pathology, but it is important to understand what can be done to improve this aspect and that does not damage the functionality of the existing ones, and that doesn’t alter the dental aesthetics.
This disorder is mainly associated with genetic and hereditary issues; it usually occurs in patients who have had this problem in their genetic history with one of their distant or close relatives, and it was later randomly distributed to one of the family members.
Likewise, this phenomenon may occur because there is an alteration or deformity in the cells that form the teeth, so they continue to encourage the development of more teeth even though it already completes the tooth structure.
Hyperdontia is classified in:
2) Number- Which encompasses your location and if any pathology is present, such as a syndrome.
The consequences of excess teeth are several: abnormal eruptions, dental crowding, malpositions, cysts, rhizolysis, among others; so it is considerable to visit an orthodontist in tijuana to thoroughly analyze the case.
In order for the dentist to carry out any treatment, it is recommended that the patient has not foreseen a dental procedure, when there is no severe pathology associated with excess teeth and finally when there are no longer only aesthetic disorders but also present difficulties in the functions of the rest of the teeth.
For treatment to take place that will allow the patient to improve, the dental surgeon will perform procedures to determine how dangerous the situation is. He or she will carefully examine the health of the oral cavity, first with a detailed observation to visualize the number of teeth that have formed or are forming, then a study of the patient’s medical and genetic history to find out the possible causes. A radiographic examination will then be sent to find out how the teeth and their roots come about. The general image will allow better visualization of the state of the buccal cavity.
Hyperdontia can be diagnosed from an early age, so early visits to the dentist are recommended. Since space is reduced by excess teeth, surgery is more complicated, but extraction is necessary. On the other side, the procedure may also be complicated because these teeth may be very continuous, so it will be essential to use special instruments to perform this action. The elimination of excess teeth visually improves the appearance of the tooth structure and helps other teeth to perform their functions correctly.